This activity will help children to model basic numbers and use counting and grouping strategies to demonstrate and verbalise relationships between basic numbers. In this case, the numbers 1-3.
Using the well loved and well known tale of Goldilocks and The 3 Bears will help engage your child and also give them a greater understanding, meaning and depth.
Materials: Book/s of Goldilocks and The 3 Bears, 3 teddy bears, Materials for props such as bowls, chairs and beds (eg. Cardboard boxes, plastic containers, stickytape, playdough, kitchen items, material etc)
Incorporate Literacy in this activity and give it greater depth by first reading the story of Goldilocks and The 3 Bears. For this activity we read 2 different versions.
(One by Emma Chichester Clark that I really like because of it's gorgeous illustrations and the way it's written to see it more from the Bears point of view and pointing out the flaws in the actions of Goldilocks. The other was a traditional retelling in a nursery collection entitled "Once Upon A Time" and Illustrated by Susie Lacome.)
How many Bears are there?
Encourage one to one correspondence by pointing to each Bear as they count.
How many bowls will you need?
*Note: I provided more than 3 bowls so that counting and grouping was required.
Make sure that each Bear has 1 bowl each and give these to the bears.
She then matched 1 spoon for each bowl from a pile of spoons.
This type of one to one correspondence and grouping is important for children to master and is often a starting point when teaching maths to young children.
Encourage role play and letting them get involved in the game.
Every focus of the activity does not have to be counting. Here she loved spending time working her hand-eye coordination to fill each of the bowls with "pom pom porridge"
To enhance the learning and add number recognition skills, I put a pile of our number cards* out on the table and had her find the card that matched the amount of bears.
*To see how to make these number cards, see the bottom of the post
The number 3, represented in a variety of ways. Ways that make sense to children.
Challenge your child to find and correspond the right sized container to make a bed for each bear.
Use this time to talk about Small, Medium and Large.
Introduce ordering by having your child place the bears in their beds in order from the smallest to the largest.
- Simplify this activity by encouraging the play and by assisting your child in counting out the props and corresponding them to each bear. Young children will have a ball simply going on the mission to find 3 bears. A daddy, a mummy and a baby bear. Start with this and play along together. You can also provide only 3 bowls/spoons etc and concentrate on the grouping and one to one correspondence of each item. ie. each bear gets one bowl and one spoon.
- Extend this activity by using recycled materials to make extra props like chairs etc and be sure to talk about and encourage all the different math learning areas from counting, grouping, ordering, sizing etc
- Further enhance this activity and add extra learning areas by having children act out the entire story. This type of role-play encourages memory, literacy skills, drama etc.
- Use new language and descriptive words like, "bigger/larger," "smaller," "medium" etc This will help with their language development.
-Ask questions to help connect their understanding and use vocabulary to give them words to describe what they're doing, eg. "Daddy Bear is so big! He needs a big bed. Can you find a big bed for Daddy Bear?" "Are there any beds that are larger than that one?" "How many blankets are you going to need?"
- Listen to your child talk as they go through their experiences. This will help you determine where they are at with their learning, knowledge and understanding and help you to develop the activity (or future activities) to their level and interests.
DIY Number Cards
Materials: Cardboard, Dot stickers, Black Marker, Laminator and laminating pouches (If you want to make them to last.. these pictured are a couple of years old, a bit bent but still going great)
Directions: Write the numbers on squares of cardboard. Stick the corresponding amount of dot stickers on each card. For added fun, use a marker to add some simple little details. For added durability, laminate the squares.
Hint: Make 2 sets of numbers so that you can play matching/memory games with the cards.
Looking for more fun Real Life Math activities for kids?
Happy playing and learning,
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